Crypto Whitepaper Guidelines

Apr 12, 2023

20 min

Crypto Whitepaper Guidelines

In 2023, it would be hard to imagine any project in the crypto sphere without a Whitepaper. What is a  whitepaper in crypto? In crypto, a whitepaper is a document detailing information about the particular technology, the goals and objectives of the project, tokenomics, the development roadmap, along with a range of other technical details.

It’s a great way for investors and users to better understand a cryptocurrency or blockchain project in addition to the amount of its potential.Writing a good whitepaper is easier said than done, since it must straddle covering all the technical aspects in detail while at the same time being relatively understandable to the general public.

This is especially true for cryptocurrencies since most crypto whitepaper readers are enthusiasts who do not belong to the academic sphere, nor do they have any specialized knowledge. In this guide, we will take a closer look at how to prepare a high-quality whitepaper, what information it needs to provide, and how to make it attractive for both the general audience and investors.

Crypto Whitepapers: Basic Components

In the context of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology, a whitepaper is the passport of a particular project which includes the following information:

1. The project's background and goals, including the problem it's designed to resolve or the opportunity that aims to seize.

2. The technical details of the project, such as the underlying blockchain technology, consensus mechanism, and tokenomics.

3. A description of the project's features and functionality, including any unique selling points or advantages over existing solutions.

4. A roadmap for the project’s development and implementation, outlining key milestones and timelines.

5. Information on the team behind the project, including their qualifications, experience, and track record.

6. The project's target market, potential user base, and main competitors.

7. Any regulatory or legislative proposals that may impact the project.

8. Risks and challenges associated with the project, along with any strategies for mitigating them.

Whitepapers are important documents in the crypto space, as they can be used to assess projects’ legitimacy and potential. Investors and analysts often review whitepapers to determine whether or not a project is worth investing in. However, it's important to note that not all whitepapers are created equal, and some may contain exaggerated or misleading information. As a tip for investors: Do your thorough due diligence before investing in any cryptocurrency or blockchain project.

What information to include in your whitepaper

Your whitepaper must contain the following sections:


On top of the general information you provide, you’d be well advised to inform the reader about the current situation and the existing growth obstacles. Next, follow that up on your blockchain whitepaper with the routes you plan to take to remove those barriers and prop up the industry.


Next, it is good to compose a list of important terms used frequently throughout the document. These terms may be ordinary phrases or unique to the project. The reader will be able to refer back to this section as they continue reading the entirety of the whitepaper.

Consensus algorithm (for blockchains)

As an integral part of the blockchain network, the consensus algorithm must be described in detail along with mathematical proofs. If any consensus algorithm is unique, it can be compared to other algorithms, highlighting its advantages. This section must also describe the actual working mechanism of the algorithm and the way agreements are reached. It is also worth adding to the system’s mechanism for protecting itself from external attacks.


This section lays out your research and technical proofs. There is no room for abstractions in this section, only facts. Any simplifications and incomprehensible wording must be rewritten more clearly.

The technical architecture and the platform/project mode of operation

Once you've proposed your solutions to a particular problem, it's time to imagine how they would be applied in the real world.

Token information/tokenomics

This part of the document contains exclusively financial information about the project. List information as to all the financial support that has been obtained and move on to the quantitative figures associated with the token.


After describing the project and the technical side of it, it's time to explain to potential investors the roadmap your team has outlined.


This gives the project credibility and the community enjoys learning about the people behind the project. Investors are very interested in the experience and skills that they have.


This one is self-explanatory. The links section lists out the various resources that were used to prepare the material or links to your social media.

Why whitepapers are important to the project

Cryptocurrency whitepapers provide investors with an in-depth look at a project’s features, who the team developing the crypto project is made of, and the path the project is headed on. Whitepapers are beneficial for more reasons than just telling the interested parties about a project. A Whitepaper also comes with co-requisites, so creating it is an important process. Let's see what other benefits a Whitepaper offers:


Whitepapers are an excellent tool for informing readers about a particular subject, product, or service. They provide detailed information, statistics, and other relevant data that help readers better understand what exactly they’re dealing with.


Whitepapers are often written by experts in a particular field, and they provide a level of credibility that other marketing materials do not. They demonstrate a company's knowledge and expertise in a particular area, which can help establish a degree of trust and forge a strong reputation.


Whitepapers are often used as a marketing tool. They can help generate buzz and interest in a company's offerings by highlighting its benefits and advantages.

Industry Trends

Whitepapers can also provide insights into industry trends and best practices, helping readers stay up-to-date on the latest developments in their fields.

Overall, whitepapers are an essential tool for companies looking to establish credibility, generate leads, and promote their offerings.

5 tips for compiling a whitepaper

Figuring out the intricacies of how to make a crypto whitepaper and getting the job done can be a daunting task, so here are some important tips to help get you on the right track.

Establish a Clear Goal

Before you start writing, take the time to define a clear goal or purpose for your whitepaper. What is the main message you want to convey to your readers? Are you trying to explain the features of some type of new product or technology? Or are you trying to persuade your readers to invest in a particular cryptocurrency or project? Knowing the goal of your whitepaper will help you craft a more focused and effective document.

Research and Gather Data

Research is essential for writing a successful whitepaper. You should also research the industry your project or technology is operating in, as well as any current trends or developments going on. Taking the time to do your due diligence with research will help you create a more compelling document.

Outline Your Whitepaper

Once you have gathered all the necessary data, next up is creating an outline for your whitepaper. This outline will serve as a roadmap for the document, helping you stay organized and focused on the main topics and points you wish to discuss. You could also do worse than include a section that outlines the objectives and goals of the project or technology, as well as an overview section of the project’s potential benefits and drawbacks.

Write the First Draft

Now that you have crafted an outline and assembled all the data you need, you can move on to writing the first draft of your whitepaper. As you do, make sure to use clear and concise language and avoid overwhelming layman with complex jargon. You should also strive to be as objective as possible in your writing, avoiding any biased statements or opinions.

Proofread and Edit

Once you have finished writing your first draft, take the time to proofread and edit your document. This is an important step, as it will help you ensure that the document is free of any typos or grammatical errors. Also read through your document to ensure it is clear and easy to understand, and that all the facts and figures are accurate.

What is a good whitepaper document to use as an example?

It is estimated as of the time of this writing that over 1,500 cryptocurrencies are being traded, and it’s important for any potential investor to understand what a project is striving for. A good whitepaper should be able to explain this in a clear and concise manner. It should also be able to clearly explain the technology used and the specifics of how it works.

Bitcoin and Ethereum are both well-known and have been around for quite a while now, so they have had the time to build themselves strong whitepapers. Bitcoin’s whitepaper was the first of its kind and is still seen as a benchmark for all other cryptocurrencies. Ethereum’s whitepaper is very detailed as well. Another well-written whitepaper is Monero, which leaves no doubt to readers as to the project’s vision.

Ripple’s whitepaper is also quite robust. Its whitepaper details it as a payment network and currency exchange platform.

Finally, Cardano, a blockchain platform that is designed to be more secure and efficient than other blockchain platforms, has a spectacular whitepaper. It explains the technology behind the platform, its goals, and its advantages over other platforms.

What is the Difference between a Whitepaper and a Litepaper in Crypto?

Whitepapers and Litepapers in crypto are both documents used to explain the technical aspects of a project, but they differ in terms of the level of detail and audience. Litepapers are shorter documents providing a high-level overview of a project and its features. They are typically used for marketing purposes and are more straightforward for the general public than a whitepaper, meaning that the latter is more detailed, often including technical information, such as the project's architecture, code, and protocols. They are typically studied by developers, investors, and other experts in the field who are looking to gain a complete grasp on the project.

1. Whitepapers are detailed technical documents explaining the technical specifications, architecture, and implementation plan of a cryptocurrency or blockchain project while litepapers are shorter, simplified versions of whitepapers.

2. Whitepapers typically contain in-depth information on the project's underlying technology, its consensus algorithm, and its tokenomics while litepapers generally provide a high-level overview of the project's key features and benefits.

3. Whitepapers are often used to convince investors, partners, or users of the project's legitimacy and potential while litepapers are more commonly used to provide a quick introduction to the project.

4. Whitepapers are usually dozens of pages long while litepapers can often be just a few pages long.

5. Whitepapers are intended for a technical audience while litepapers are designed to be more accessible to a broader audience, including stakeholders without a technical background.

In essence, while whitepapers are more comprehensive, litepapers can be useful for quickly assessing a project’s value proposition without having to dive into technical details.


Thus, a whitepaper is an essential document in the crypto space that provides information about a particular project, including its goals, technical details, features, functionality, team, target market, and competition, among other things. A well-written whitepaper means that investors and users will be able to clearly understand a cryptocurrency or blockchain project's potential and legitimacy. On top of that, whitepapers are an excellent tool for informing readers, establishing credibility, marketing, and providing insights into industry trends and best practices. However, it's essential to do your thorough due diligence before investing in any cryptocurrency or blockchain project, as not all whitepapers are created equal, and some may contain exaggerated or misleading information.

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